We typically think of a database as a store of digital data, but a database can be a store of written data as well. From this perspective of definition, a library is a database. Despite their differences, a library of books and a database have much in common. Neither the librarian nor the database administrator simply haphazardly stores the data in the next available slot. Both categorize their data. The library has a section for philosophy and psychology, for science and other non-fiction books, one for drama, another for English and so on.
Similarly, a digitized data base will store system data in one folder, programs in another, business data in yet another, and so on. With a simple list of categories and bin or disk locations, both the librarian and the database administrator can find and retrieve what is wanted. This master list serves as an index into some space. A file name is associated to an address. We do not consider this master list a part of database indexing, yet the concept is the same.
Books or digital data are more easily retrieved when they are indexed. Without an index, you have to go down the aisle containing books on, say, psychology, looking at each title, until you find the one you want. The same is true of databases in which database indexing is not applied. If the data is all thrown in to one database, say the customer database, without any regard to order, then conceivably the entire database might have to be searched, starting from the first record, comparing the customer name with the name you want, selecting it if it matches; otherwise, you move on to the next record and compare again, doing this record after record until you’ve found a match. Ordering books by title or ordering a customer database by name significantly improves your search time. Ordering your information, although a necessary step when database indexing, is also not indexing.
Both libraries and database designers have learned that you can improve your search speed by using indexes, keys associated to the location of the item sought. Libraries use card catalogs to index their books, and library maps to help the searcher find the book’s location. Database indexing uses files similar to card catalogs, files that contain a key value associated to a disk location, or that contains a value that points to a specific location. Rather than traverse each track of a disc containing database rows, which are similar to records, a retrieval may read an index file and find the index and the rows location, then go to the row location and read in the row. Database indexing gains you a substantial advantage by avoiding having to read in all records. One record length might be the length of five key-address pairs. The database system will still have to read each key/address sequentially, until it finds a match, but it will have less reading to do.
Use database indexing to minimize your retrieval time, but remember too, it takes longer to store a record because you must also store an index. Using indexes can make your adding and updating time unreasonably long.
Administering a database involves more than the practicalities. There’s an element of art to this task. If you’re considering optimizing your database, you’d be smart to investigate the finer points of database indexing to make your best choice.
Dancing With The Stars is officially kicked into gear this season with a new array of celebrities competing to knock our socks off with their hidden talents. This is the 9th season of Dancing With The Stars, premiering on the 21st of September, and its still going strong. Dancing With The Stars was originally a British concept as several of our shows are, like American Idol, Americas Got Talent and The Office. Since then, the British Strictly Come Dancing has been licensed internationally to over 30 countries.
This seasons lineup: Aaron Carter is a singer and the younger brother of Backstreet Boy Nick Carter. Natalie Coughlin is an Olympic gold medal swimmer. Mark Dacascos is the chairman of Iron Chef on the Food Network. Tom DeLay is a former Republican Congressional leader. Macy Gray is a famous singer. Ashley Hamilton is the son of George Hamilton and the ex-husband of Shannen Dogherty. Melissa Joan Hart is an actress best known for her role as Sabrina the Teenage Witch. Kathy Ireland is a fashion designer and former supermodel. Michael Irvin is a football player, formerly of the Dallas Cowboys. Joanna Krupa is a model who was on ABCs The Superstars. Chuck Lidell is a legend in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Debi Mazar is an actress who can currently be seen on Entourage. Mya is a Grammy award winning singer, famous for her hit single My Love is LikeWo. Kelly Osbourne is the daughter of Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne and famous for starring on their reality TV show, The Osbournes. Donny Osmond is a singer and former teen idol, famously from being a member of the Osmonds. Lastly, Louis Vito is a professional U.S. snowboarder who is one of the favorites for the U.S. snowboarding Olympic team in 2010.
Dancing With The Stars obviously benefits from its star powereveryones interested in watching celebrities, who by nature are constantly in the public eye. But some of the spectators cant help but wonder whether contestants areas of celebrity affect their chances. Its possible that a contestant famous for activities involving movement, such as sports, might have an advantage over a contestant involved in politics or cooking. In response, others might say that everyone still has a fairly equal chance, being paired with a random partner and given the same amount of time to practice dance routines. And Dancing With The Stars is a reality TV show after all, and entertainment is just as important, if not more important, than talent and dancing prowess.
Is there a cure for diabetes? You might be surprised at how much you can do!
While it’s a common belief that there’s no cure for diabetes, you may be surprised at how much you can do to get your blood sugar readings in the normal range and keep them there. Perhaps one of the most counterproductive attitudes for a diabetic is to believe that your condition is hopeless that you’re doomed to progressively deteriorating health.
Your doctor and the various diabetic organizations typically state that there’s no cure for diabetes. You are prescribed medications to help regulate your blood sugar levels and perhaps others to protect your heart and kidneys, with regular follow up lab test and office visits to monitor your condition. Most diabetic patients know that diet and exercise play an important role in maintaining acceptable blood sugar readings, but also tend to accept that, eventually, the inevitable complications will develop. This attitude is your worst enemy when it comes to fighting diabetes.
While the cause of diabetes is essentially the body’s inability to regulate blood sugar levels, the condition also usually stems from many years of consuming foods high in sugar, which may be exacerbated by a genetic disposition to the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it’s time to retrain your body with healthier dietary and lifestyle choices. It’s certainly not the time to simply give up, believing there’s no cure for diabetes.
Diabetics who subscribe to the idea that there’s no hope often succumb to the urge for a sugary soda or other sweet treat. The diabetic recipes and confusing measurement of your carb intake can be less than helpful. If you’ve already developed heart and kidney problems as a result of diabetes and are overweight, the whole picture can be overwhelming. Instead of feeling as though you are simply a victim to this disease, you need to know that there is much you can do to control diabetes, even to the point of what might be called a cure. Let’s take a look at how you can take control of your own health and beat this disease, with your lab tests maintaining normal numbers time after time. Granted, you can’t eat anything you like, but this style of cure for diabetes is essentially a matter of retraining yourself to eat healthy, non-refined foods and following a regimen of exercise. Rome wasn’t built in a day!
A recent study by the John Hopkins University found that losing weight was the most important component in improving the diabetic condition. When you think about it, this does make sense. People usually become overweight by consuming too much fat, simple carbohydrates, processed and highly refined foods, and, of course, sugar. Sound familiar? Losing weight is the best first step you can take for your cure for diabetes program.
Switching to a diet that’s high in protein, fiber and complex carbs in reasonable amounts is a good dietary recipe for both losing weight and reducing your blood sugar levels. It’s a win-win for the diabetic. It may take some getting used to making these dietary changes, but the results are nothing short of phenomenal. You really don’t need special diabetes recipes, which you may find unappealing. Meal time should not be a punishment! Plan your menus with foods you enjoy and which are beneficial to your condition. For example, if you love a big, juicy burger, buy meat with a low percentage of fat, preferably of the no-hormones-added brands of beef. Prepare it with a whole-grain bun that’s high in fiber. Surprisingly, most common condiments, including mayo, with which we dress the bun, are not ‘forbidden’ items. Pile on dark leafy greens, slices of onion and tomato and enjoy.
Lean meats, poultry and fish are on your ‘approved’ list of foods. Have a larger portion of meat than usual, make a big green salad and forget the baked potato. Make your meats more interesting and flavorful with marinades and salsas for a little spark that makes up for the buttered potato. Load up on fresh veggies, full of nutrients and fiber. Herbal seasonings provide extra flavor to veggies, helping you avoid that deprived feeling. Not only will you lose weight, you’ll feel full and satisfied at the end of the meal and your blood sugar levels will drop.
Daily exercise is another of your best friends in your quest for that cure for diabetes. Again, this shouldn’t be a dreaded experience. Choose a form of exercise you enjoy. This helps assure you’ll stick with it and realize all of the long term benefits.
Once you implement these simple dietary and lifestyle changes, you’ll not only feel better but you’ll be better. Your lab tests will tell the story. There are many people who have followed this easy plan, finding their own virtual cure for diabetes just as you can!
It’s no big secret that the majority of humans become afflicted with acne at some point during their teenage or adult lives. The sad reality is that nearly 80 percent of men and women battle breakouts on occasion, if not everyday. Some individuals go for a long time without ever seeing a whitehead or blackhead blemish on their face or body. Then suddenly they are dealing with facial breakouts and body acne that’s difficult to reach and treat. Luckily there is a way to cure back acne and facial pimples. You simply need to know what topical and oral medications are right for you and your skin.
The deal is that if you suffer with acne breakouts, you want to find a cure as soon as possible. This is plain and simply human nature. Whether you are trying to cure back acne or facial pimples, there is a topical treatment out there suitable for you skin type. The key is to learn about your acne treatment options. When it comes to a cure specifically for back acne, you should consider body cleansers and topical remedies that are suitable for the body, and not the facial skin. Remember that these two types of skin are different and require different kinds of medicines.
Companies like Murad and Proactiv Solution both offer treatments suitable for the body. Some of these will help you cure back acne or other types of bodily breakouts that may be of concern. One popular way to deal with back blemishes is topical cleansers. These generally contain active ingredients that remove acne causing bacteria, while soughing off dead skin cells. This way existing pimples are healed and future breakouts are prevented. Both Proactiv Solution and Murad offer products to cure back acne now. Visiting their official websites will help you learn more about which products are right for you and your current condition. Refrain from popping acne blemishes, since this can lead to scarring. It is better to cure back acne with a topical solution that actually heals the zits.
Oral solutions are also available to help cure back acne, but these often need to be acquired through a licensed dermatologist. If you are up for visiting a local esthetician, he or she can steer you in the right direction to get rid of acne breakouts, and work on healing your skin. Finally, you can learn more about cures for back acne by visiting local department store counters like Clinique. They may additionally care the type of acne product or blemish treatment you prefer. In short, there are a lot of treatment options to choose from. You simply have to pinpoint the one that will work best for you.
In this day and age more and more people are becoming aware of crime and potential predators. A great deal of this is due to the media and what is provided online. It certainly isn’t like it was in the past. Fortunately now days pretty much anyone with online access can perform criminal background checks on anyone they choose. While some people may find this intrusive and possibly even offensive, others feel it is their right to know. Now, you should stop for a moment and think about the people you work with and live next to. How well do you really know them?
Criminal background checks are literally performed every day by employers all across the United States. Naturally if a company is considering hiring you, they are going to want to know a little about your past beforehand. This only makes sense, because no one wants to hire a convicted felon. That’s just life! Having stated the obvious, what about the other reasons people perform criminal background checks? Maybe you have considered doing this in the past. There are convenient websites that assist you with performing criminal checks. It just costs you a monthly fee to utilize their database. If you stop and think about it, criminal background checks are important for many homeowners living in common residential neighborhoods. Especially if you have children.
If you have ventured out to purchase a new home lately, you may notice that part of the modern home-buying process involves criminal background checks. At least if you are interested in knowing who your neighbors are. Just ask your realtor if any registered sex offenders live in a specific area. They will look this up for you and report back since you’re their client. Clearly this can have an impact on whether or not you decide to purchase a particular home. With the current online technology at our disposal, it is pretty darn simple.
Some areas offer free criminal background check websites. For instance, maybe your county allows you to hop online and research any registered sex offenders within 10 miles. You will be emailed about any updates if you choose to. This is actually a wonderful way to get informed regarding criminals living near your home. Again, if you have children, you should want to know who all is living nearby. This way you know who to keep a lookout for around your kids and where they should not be allowed to play. Isn’t it time you took advantage of the valuable information at your disposal? Access one of the several websites that perform professional criminal background checks and learn more about who is living in your community. You will be glad you took interest.
Most of the public gets its idea of what crime scene investigation is like from TV shows like CSI and various other crime dramas or medical shows. On these programs, crime scene investigation is portrayed as glamorous and infallible. The crime scene victims body will always hold key clues to their death, and when the state-of-the-art lab technicians dissect and examine the corpse, all is eventually revealedthe victims medical history, whereabouts and doings and so on. And in the end, the crime scene investigation team discovers the cause of death, confronts the murderer who breaks down and confesses, and then the crime is solved.
In reality, investigating crime isnt as neat and tidy as TV makes it out to be. First of all, crime scene investigation inevitably involves dead, rotting bodies. When you watch those TV shows, you often see the crime scene investigators going right up to the corpse of the victim to start probing away for evidence. Shouldnt they be wearing masks to protect themselves from the horrible stench and possible contamination? Also, what are the chances that each murder victims body provides exactly the right evidence needed to convict the murderer? By the time victims are murdered, its too late for them to arrange everything just right so that when the police arrive, justice will be served. The truth is that justice isnt always served, and even if it is we dont get to hear about it as much as we do about the crime itself. The media rarely focuses on the aftermath of grisly crimes, instead covering the gory details at length until the next big sensational crime story. Many crimes remain unsolved, but we forget about them and only remember when new evidence pops up and the media decides to bring it back to attention.
Crime scene investigation shows also tend to focus on weird and truly grotesque cases. Youll hear about neighborhood shootings in the media, but youll be hard-pressed to find a crime show TV episode whose storyline revolves around a simple shoot-and-run. Youre more likely to see an episode involving serial killers, deranged love triangles, rare conditions and strange subcultures. Cases like these do exist in real life, but theyre not as common as TV would make them out to be. Its just that bizarre cases receive a lot more coverage and exposure than boring crimes do, and theyre the ones that the public wants to hear about.
In short, television crime scene investigation is fascinating and often informative, but its not an accurate picture of what real crime scene investigation is really like. Modern procedures like collecting DNA evidence are impressive techniques that are useful for solving crime in the present, but they wont always provide the answers that we seek. Ironically, imperfect crime scene investigation potentially allows for the perfect crime.
Credit consolidation involves taking a loan to pay off your existing credits. There are many reasons you may want to do this. You may be looking for a lower interest rate, a more secure fixed interest rate or simply a more convenient way of servicing your credits. The common way of going about any credit consolidation is to take a secured loan against a collateral asset like your house. Most mortgage collaterals allow for a lower interest rate since it means less risk for the lender. It also means you will have to pay up the loan per the agreed terms otherwise you risk a foreclosure.
If you are having a credit card debt, then debt consolidation may be the better option. This is because credit cards carry higher interest rates than unsecured bank loans. Furthermore, if you have a property like a car or a home, any loan you take with the property as collateral will come with a much lower interest rate. This means that the total cash flow plus the total interest rate that will be paid is much lower and in the end the total debt to be paid will be much lower resulting in a debt paid off sooner and one that incurs less interest. All these theoretical advantages offered by debt and credit consolidation mean that the consumer gets a lot of benefits. However, many companies are aware of this and will take advantage of this form of refinancing to charge very high fees in a debt consolidation loan. Some of these fees average state maximum mortgage fees. A practice known as predatory lending has also been observed among debt and credit consolidation companies where they wait until the client backs himself into a corner and faces the risk of losing his home before they can come to his rescue. Of course, he will be willing to pay any allowable fee to get out of the fix.
Another way to fix your credit card debt is to move your balance from your high interest cards to a single lower interest card. For instance, if you have $100 on each of your credit cards and each has an interest rate of between 10% and 20% and you move them all to a card with a 5% interest rate, what you are saving will allow you to bring down the principle on all of your credit cards. By first cutting up your high interest credit cards and doing away with them, credit consolidation for you will take on a whole new meaning.
If you are looking for a reliable credit card merchant to service your online transactions, you have a lot of options at your disposal. If you are reading this, you may of course be aware of the numerous advantages that an online credit card service has over the offline option. Just like a traditional credit card however, there are many complex infrastructure and security details involved in any one transaction. Making online payments and purchases involves having a payment processing networks that is fast, reliable, secure and in real time. Otherwise if any one of the above is missing, the processing system will not be viable to have it incorporated in, say an e-commerce site.
Any credit card merchant that offers online payment processing options should also ensure that such a service is available 24/7 and 365 days in a year. Because these options have become mainstream in e-commerce sites, most merchants have gone ahead to offer value-added services that include management services as well as tools to protect their clients from fraud. Most merchants will offer their clients an interface from where the client can configure account settings, view statements, generate reports and many other things. Because all of this is done on a browser-based hosted solution, it is usually not necessary to have software installed.
With so many credit card companies, there are a number of things you should consider before deciding which credit card merchant will serve your online needs. One thing is that such a merchant should accept a variety of payments. If you own an e-commerce site or you transact online, it can be a little frustrating if after searching for a product or a service only to find that your credit card is not acceptable. Consider also the ease of use of the merchant interface. If you find that the interface is confusing and that controlling your account is difficult, you are better off looking for a credit card merchant that makes it easy for the clients to easily manage their accounts. Do not worry; there are many options to select from. You will not be loosing out, but rather the credit card merchant.
Consider also how fast payments are received and the speed of transactions. Online activity is faster than traditional offline business and if you find that it takes you the same time or longer, consider other options. Online transactions are sensitive since they involve the business between anonymous parties and the longer the delays, the higher the risk of fraud. You should easily to able to locate a credit card merchant that fulfills all of the above and even more.
I’ve always dreamed of being a writer someday. I don’t necessarily want to pen the great American novel or even commercial success along the lines of J.K. Rowling, John Grisham, and Stephen King. At first, it would be enough just to see my name in print on the cover of a book down at Barnes & Noble; I can worry about the fame and fortune later on. For now, though, I need to find some good creative writing courses to get the ball rolling.
I feel that I have tons of great ideas floating around in my mind, but I have a lot of trouble transferring my thoughts to paper in a way that builds suspense and strings readers along until the end. There are so many aspects of the craft that I don’t know anything about that it makes sense to take some creative writing courses first. That way, I can learn the nuts and bolts of how to write a novel so I can give my ideas some kind of structure.
After checking around, I’ve found that there are a couple of ways to take creative writing courses. One way is to sign up for workshops that meet in the area on evenings and weekends. These types of classes are typically run by a professional writer who has some publications to his or her name, and are attended by other would-be novelists like myself. But since I’m a bit shy about sharing my work at this stage, I don’t think these workshops are for me. I’d much rather take online creative writing courses instead.
With online creative writing courses, I will still get the same professional instruction and feedback, all without ever having to leave my home or come face to face with any classmates. This situation would be much more to my liking, as I’m not quite ready for public readings just yet. Plus, with online classes I would be able to study whenever it’s convenient for me instead of having to appear in person at an appointed time.
The online creative writing courses I’ve checked out vary in terms of subject matter, length, and cost. For instance, some classes are devoted to fiction, while others focus on nonfiction, poetry, or short stories. Some classes meet for only one month, while others last for six months or more. Some classes cost less than $100, while others would set me back more than $1,000. Choosing the right one will take a bit of time, as I’ll have to sift through a bunch of information and course descriptions first.
I know that achieving my dream of becoming a novelist is a long shot at best, but that’s not going to stop me from at least making an effort. I’ll start by taking a few creative writing courses and see how things play out after that. You never know what might happen!
Finding a job is tough, no matter the economy. However, in this recession, finding a job is darn near impossible. With unemployments as high as they are, job applicants find themselves in even harder competition than ever. For this reason, prospective employees need better and better looking resumes and cover letters. A good cover letter for job application and possible employment is essential, but what makes a good cover letter? Here are some tips for a good cover letter for job application to get you back in the workforce with a job you can love.
The key to a successful cover letter for job application is in clarity. Having a simple and easy to understand cover letter will help you stand out against all the other applicants for the job. A cover letter should be short and to the point. No need to embellish things here; you want your cover letter to be a quick and easy to read summary of why you are applying and your major qualifications. The trick is to try to get the person reading the cover letter to go on to your resume, and, eventually, to ask you in for an interview. In this sense, a cover letter for job application should be like a movie trailer; short and understandable, and you should make the employer want to see the “movie”: you.
A good cover letter for job application should be clear, short and full of action words. What is an action word? An action word jumps off of the page. Action words tell an exciting narrative or story simply by being on the page. Do not use words like “is/be” or “has/have”. This is not an excuse to use the thesaurus, in fact, you want your cover letter to be in easy to understand English. Avoid archaic and obscure words. But you definitely need better verbs that highlight your enthusiasm and passion.
Getting a job in today’s market is virtually impossible without a great cover letter for job application. Spend as much time as you can with your cover letter; it should read like a crisp clear mission statement and sales pitch in one. If you still struggle with the writing of a good cover letter, consider hiring a consultant to help you; the one time fee is worth it if it helps you land the job of your dreams!